Your pancreas secretes insulin. Insulin is a hormone that prevents blood sugar levels from rising to dangerously high levels. Some people have insulin that is less effective or not produced as much. This can lead to diabetes.

You may be able to inject synthetically made insulin intramuscularly if you have diabetes. This will help you manage your blood sugar. However, with the different types of insulin that exist today, you may be confused about how they work and when they are administered.

What is Insulin Required?

Insulin is available to those with:

  • Type 1 diabetes: A condition in which the pancreas doesn’t produce insulin. This condition is often diagnosed in childhood, and is known as juvenile diabetes.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: This is when the body doesn’t make enough insulin or the insulin is no longer effective. Type 2 Diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. It accounts for 90% of diabetes cases.
  • Gestational diabetes: Your body might not be able to produce enough insulin to meet the changes in hormones during pregnancy. This can lead to gestational diabetic symptoms.

Different types of insulin

Your doctor will recommend the correct insulin type for you, taking into account your lifestyle, systemic conditions, age group, and other factors. Let’s learn more about the six types of insulin available and how they work.

  1. Insulin that is quick-acting

The insulin starts working within 15 minutes after it is injected into your body. It lasts between 2 and 4 hours. To prevent blood sugar spikes, rapid-acting insulin should be administered immediately before meals. This insulin is sometimes prescribed in combination with long-acting insulin.

  1. Regular Insulin

Regular insulin is active for around 30 minutes once it enters the body. It lasts between 3 and 6 hours. Short-acting insulin is also known as insulin. It can be administered long before meals, whereas rapid-acting insulin must be taken right away. This insulin group is used to prevent blood sugar spikes after meals.

  1. Insulin with Intermediate-Acting Properties

Intermediate-acting insulin can be used less often and lasts for about half a day. Its activity can begin within 1 to 2 hours of entering the body. The effects can last up to 12 hours. This injectable is best for overnight insulin coverage.

  1. Insulin with long-lasting effects

Long-acting insulins can be effective for up to 24 hours and begin working within 2 to 4 hours of entering the body. This insulin should be taken in the morning, in most cases. To supplement the effects of insulin, you may need ultra-rapid (or rapid-acting) insulin. What Are Signs That Your Child May Be Having Eye Problems?

  1. Insulin with Ultra Long-Acting Properties

The effect of this group of insulins lasts between 36 and 42 hours, but takes approximately 6 hours to start. Ultra-long-acting insulins don’t peak, unlike long-acting insulin. This property decreases the likelihood of low blood sugar levels at any given time.

  1. Insulin inhaled

This insulin group is inhaled. You will feel its effects within 12 to 15 minutes. They can peak at around 30 minutes after inhalation, and last for up to three hours before being eliminated. For a longer-lasting effect, these are often combined with long acting insulin.

Intermediate-acting, long-acting and ultra-long-acting insulins are also called basal insulin. They aim to maintain optimal blood glucose levels over a prolonged period of fasting, particularly during sleep. This insulin regimen mimics the body’s natural release.

Basal insulin may also be recommended. After evaluating your health, your doctor will recommend the insulin dosage.

In Closing

Knowing which insulin type to use and how to calculate your doses are important for diabetes patients. This will help keep blood sugar levels stable. Always consult your doctor before adjusting your insulin levels.